The significant events between November 1860 and September 1863.
Abraham Lincoln is elected President of the United States of America.
South Carolina secedes rather than submit to “Black Republican” rule for four years. “The Union is Dissolved!”
December 20, 1860
Delegates from 7 seceded states form the Confederate States of America. The CSA begins to amass troops.
February 12, 1861
Confederates in Charleston fire on U.S. Fort Sumter to prevent resupply of food and medicine. The Union soldiers at Fort Sumter surrender after a day and a half . War begins.
First shots: April 12, 1860;
Surrender: April 13, 1860
The First Battle of Bull Run. Confederate victory.
July 21, 1861
The Second Battle of Bull Run results in a victory for Confederate General Robert E. Lee and the Confederacy.
August 28-30, 1862
General Lee invades Maryland. The worst day of bloodshed in American History occurs at the Battle of Antietam.
September 17, 1862
President Lincoln announces an Emancipation Proclamation for January and authorizes the enlisting of Black Troops.
Union debacle at Lee’s hands at Fredericksburg, 15,000 Union casualties to 6,000 CSA.
December 11-15, 1862
January 1, 1863
Many Union Soldiers are granted furloughs home to raise morale
February – March 1863
Union General Ulysses S. Grant begins the siege of Vicksburg, MS
General Lee is defeated by George Meade at Gettysburg and retreats South
July 1-3, 1863
Vicksburg falls to Union General Grant, the Mississippi River is now fully controlled by the Union, splitting the CSA in half.
July 4, 1863
With the draft moving forward in most Union states, $300 will allow draftees to opt out if he can find a “substitute”