Civil War Timeline 1860-1863

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The significant events between November 1860 and September 1863.

Abraham Lincoln is elected President of the United States of America.

November 1860

South Carolina secedes rather than submit to “Black Republican” rule for four years. “The Union is Dissolved!”

December 20, 1860

Delegates from 7 seceded states form the Confederate States of America. The CSA begins to amass troops.

February 12, 1861

Confederates in Charleston fire on U.S. Fort Sumter to prevent resupply of food and medicine. The Union soldiers at Fort Sumter surrender after a day and a half . War begins.

Fort Sumter, Library of Congress

First shots: April 12, 1860;
Surrender: April 13, 1860

The First Battle of Bull Run. Confederate victory.

The first Battle of Bull Run, Va., Sunday afternoon, July 21, 1861, Library of Congress

July 21, 1861

The Second Battle of Bull Run results in a victory for Confederate General Robert E. Lee and the Confederacy.

August 28-30, 1862

General Lee invades Maryland. The worst day of bloodshed in American History occurs at the Battle of Antietam.

Battle of Antietam, Library of Congress

September 17, 1862

President Lincoln announces an Emancipation Proclamation for January and authorizes the enlisting of Black Troops.

September, 1862

Union debacle at Lee’s hands at Fredericksburg, 15,000 Union casualties to 6,000 CSA.

December 11-15, 1862

Emancipation Proclamation

Library of Congress

January 1, 1863

Many Union Soldiers are granted furloughs home to raise morale

February – March 1863

Union General Ulysses S. Grant begins the siege of Vicksburg, MS

April-May 1863

General Lee is defeated by George Meade at Gettysburg and retreats South

July 1-3, 1863

Vicksburg falls to Union General Grant, the Mississippi River is now fully controlled by the Union, splitting the CSA in half.

July 4, 1863

With the draft moving forward in most Union states, $300 will allow draftees to opt out if he can find a “substitute”

September, 1863

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