Elijah Simonds was a resident of Worcester, Massachusetts on September 15, 1861 when he enlisted as a Private in Co. A of the 25th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry; he was a 39 year old Boot crimper at time of enlistment and was discharged for disability on September 16, 1863.
He was born on December 1, 1921 in Mansfield to Asa and Keziah (Conant) Simonds. Charles Simons/Simonds, one of his brothers, served in a Connecticut regiment in the Civil War. Elijah Simonds married Eunice E. Walker on November 5, 1848 in Mansfield. He moved to Worcester, Massachusetts about 1851. Children include: Elijah Simonds, born about April 1850 in Connecticut; Henry D. Simonds, born about 1851 in Connecticut and Lloyd E. Simonds born on April 27, 1869 in Worcester, Massachusetts. Eunice (Walker) Simonds died on April 21, 1872 in Worcester. Elijah Simonds married, second, Isabella H. (Hamilton) Dadman on April 20, 1873 in Worcester; there are no known children from this marriage.
After his Civil War service, he returned to Worcester, Massachusetts and worked as a letter carrier. Between 1873 and 1880, he moved to Oxford, Massachusetts. Isabella (Hamilton) (Dadman) Simonds died on May 10, 1893 in Oxford.
On October 10, 1863, he applied for an invalid pension, No. 34,681 that was granted under certificate No. 23,419.
Elijah Simonds died on May 26, 1917 and is buried at the Gurleyville Cemetery in Mansfield.